Thyroid Problems and Symptoms: Are you Affected?

Thyroid Problems and Symptoms: Are you Affected?

Thyroid problems is an ailment that impacts the thyroid gland. It takes place when the thyroid gland, based at the bottom of your neck, does not generate enough hormones. It might actually generate absolutely no thyroid hormone whatsoever. However, when the thyroid produces the right amount of hormones, all is well. But when it produces either too much hormone or too little, it can interfere with the functions of the body. Continue reading, there is more to come with thyroid problems and symptoms.

The thyroid produces hormones that help control the body’s metabolism (how you burn calories and use your energy). This means that your thyroid gland has a direct effect on your weight, energy levels, and your ability to absorb nutrients from your food. The thyroid’s main job is to regulate metabolism. When there is enough thyroid hormone in your blood, your thyroid shuts off and when your body needs more thyroid hormone, the gland starts up again. How does this come about?

This could happen for a variety of explanations. Some individuals generate lower levels of thyroid hormones, or perhaps their thyroid gland could possibly be weakened from surgical procedures or accident. Other people could have a disease that triggers their thyroid gland to become underactive. Nevertheless, other people may possibly take medicinal drugs that create their thyroid gland to generate inadequate thyroid hormones.

In some instances, individuals possess an autoimmune issue where the body’s very own defense mechanism assaults the thyroid gland creating an underactive thyroid. This generally leads to a disorder referred to as Hashimoto’s thyroid problems. If your thyroid gland is not operating as it should, the effects on your body are many.

An increasing number of people is suffering from thyroid problems with each passing day. There are many causes behind this problem. This disease is seen mostly in women, and more so in women of older age groups. The onset of this disease is seldom seen in men. Underactive thyroid is caused when your thyroid gland fails to secrete the necessary hormones that are needed in your body. These hormones are essential for the metabolism and growth of your body. Without these hormones, the body fails to perform its necessary functions properly. There are many symptoms of underactive thyroid disease. The person who has been affected will catch a cold very easily. The hair and nails will become brittle, and the person will be in a constant state of sleepiness and will always feel tired.

The body is overcome by weakness, and the muscles are very weak, they become sore with little use. The skin loses its glow, becomes dry, and loses its entire luster. In women, there will be problems regarding fertility, and there are also risks of having a miscarriage. Menstrual periods get disrupted and irregular. Memory becomes weak, and the person might have trouble concentrating. An underactive thyroid can be treated with medication, and there are certain diets to be followed. Lots of proteins and minerals are to be added to your diet, including all the vital vitamins.

What Kind of Hormones Does The Thyroid Produce?

Your thyroid gland produces two main hormones known as thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). They maintain the rate at which your body uses fats and carbohydrates, help control your body temperature, influence your heart rate, and help regulate the production of protein. It also produces a hormone called (calcitonin) which helps to regulate the amount of calcium in your blood.

What exactly is thyroid hormones and why do you need to be worried about it? They are a small grouping of hormones which manage specific systems processes which includes body fat metabolism, inhaling and exhaling, pulse rate, body fat regulation, and other processes which include things associated with our central nervous system. In the event that our thyroid is not performing correctly, we might put on weight and have difficulty shedding it.

Exactly what are the Symptoms of Thyroid Disease?

There are several signs and symptoms of thyroid disease. If you have hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid), the illness frequently imitates typical feelings of general malaise. Your thyroid gland does not produce enough of certain important hormones. Your body stages a slowdown. Women older than 60, are more likely to have this condition. It upsets the normal balance of chemical reaction in your body. It does not often cause symptoms in the early stages, but if left untreated, it can cause health problems such as obesity, joint pain, infertility, and heart disease.

You may feel cold or tired, your hair and skin may become dry, and you may gain weight. Accurate thyroid function tests are available to diagnose hypothyroid, and treatment is usually simple, safe and effective once the right dose is found by your doctor, for your treatment.

Signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism vary and problems develop slowly over many years. As your metabolism continues to slow down, you may develop more signs and symptoms. These may include fatigue, increased sensitivity to cold, constipation, dry skin, weight gain, puffy face, hoarseness, muscle weakness, elevated blood cholesterol level, muscle aches, tenderness, and stiffness, pain or swelling in your joints, irregular menstrual periods, thinning hair, slowed heart rate, depression, impaired memory. If your hypothyroidism is not treated, the signs and symptoms can become more severe. Constant stimulation of your thyroid gland to release hormones may lead to an enlarged thyroid (goiter). You may become more forgetful and you may feel depressed.

You are at an increased risk if you are a woman older than 60, have an autoimmune disease, have a family history of thyroid disease, have other diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, or lupus, a chronic inflammatory condition, have been treated with radioactive iodine or anti-thyroid medications, received medication to your neck or upper chest, have had thyroid surgery (partial thyroidectomy)

What is Hyperthyroidism?

People with hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) produce too much of the thyroid hormone thyroxine, causing your body to speed up. Common symptoms include weight loss, a rapid or irregular heartbeat, and skin that is hot and sweaty. Women are far more likely than men to develop this condition. Several treatments are available such as anti-thyroid medications and radioactive iodine to slow down the production of thyroid hormones.  Surgery is also recommended as a treatment to remove all or part of your thyroid gland. If left untreated, hyperthyroidism can be serious. It is reported that most people respond well to treatment.

Hyperthyroidism can imitate other health problems, which can make it difficult for your doctor to diagnose your problem. It can also cause many different signs and symptoms including, weight loss, even when your appetite and your food intake remain the same or increase, tachycardia (rapid heartbeat), arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat), heart palpitations, increased appetite, nervousness, anxiety, and irritability, tremor, sweating, changes in mental patterns, thinning skin and hair, increased sensitivity to heat, changes in bowel patterns (frequent bowel movements), enlarged thyroid gland (goiter) at the base of your neck, fatigue, and muscle weakness, difficulty sleeping.


The thyroid gland depends on iodine, which is found in food, to manufacture thyroid hormone. Dietary sources of iodine include salt-water fish, other seafood, seaweeds, and iodized table salt.

The thyroid cannot function without even a small amount of this mineral. If the thyroid does not get enough iodine, it gradually grows larger as it tries to get enough iodine as it can. Eventually, the thyroid gets large enough to be seen from the outside, and this swelling is called a goiter. When you first started taking thyroid medication, your doctor may recommend that you avoid iodine-rich foods, like shellfish and spinach, but once the medication has taken effect fully, you can resume your normal diet.


People with an underactive thyroid (hypothyroid), the entire body including your digestion slows down, and this, in turn, can result in constipation. To help keep your digestion regular, try to eat plenty of fiber-rich foods. The fiber in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, will help to keep food moving through your system.


If you experience unexplained weight loss, a rapid heartbeat, unusual sweating, swelling at the base of your neck, or other signs and symptoms associated with thyroid problems, talk to your doctor about your symptoms, to rule out any signs which could be associated with hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, as these could be related to many other health conditions. For example, fatigue could be caused by other disorders, such as anemia, cancer, depression, or sleep disorders. It could also result from too much work. Hope this will be of help to you. Please feel to leave a comment.



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By |2018-11-22T06:49:15+00:00November 22nd, 2018|Health tips|0 Comments

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