Diabetes mellitus or diabetes is a common ailment among many people. The disease is characterized by elevation of glucose or sugar levels in the blood. Our food gives the body the necessary amount of glucose. This is when the metabolic process begins and the pancreas starts secreting a hormone called insulin which breaks down the glucose, causing the glucose to enter the body cells. This entire process energizes the body to perform day to day activities.
When the pancreas produces insulin in inadequate quantities, glucose imbalance occurs in the blood, often leading to surplus glucose, which results in Type 1 diabetes or juvenile-diabetes. People with Type 1 diabetes need daily insulin shots to manage their blood sugar. Under certain circumstances, the cells of the body become resistant to insulin. This again results in faulty metabolism and collection of high levels of sugar in the blood. This is Type 2 diabetes or non-insulin-dependent diabetes. People who are overweight, eat a lot of processed foods, and don’t get regular exercise have the highest risk of developing this type.
If you have diabetes, the most important things you can do is try to get it under control and monitor your heart’s health. According to report, people with diabetes have a two to four higher risk of heart disease and stroke. Uncontrolled high blood sugar can lead to kidney failure, blindness, stroke, nerve damage and heart disease. Follow the causes of diabetes mellitus to protect yourself from getting diabetes.
Signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus
1. Polyuria or frequent urination: When blood sugar levels rise, the body is urged to expel or get rid of the excess sugar through urination. This leads to frequent urination and passing out of surplus sugar through the urine. This symptom may cause dehydration as a lot of water is lost from the body due to frequent urination.
2. Polyphegia or increased hunger: The hormone insulin is also a hunger-causing hormone. It stimulates our appetite. When glucose levels rise in the blood, the body tries to balance it or cope with it by producing more insulin. This again triggers our hunger.
3. Polydipsia or increased thirst: When glucose levels soar in the blood, the brain get signals to dilute it and excrete it through urine. This increases our demand for water. In other words, a diabetic person feels thirsty frequently.
4. Increased fatigue: In case of diabetes, the body’s cells fail to metabolize glucose properly. As a result, a reverse calorie effect is initiated, and body fat is broken down to supply energy to the body. Metabolizing of body fat consumes more energy than it produces, and this leads to intense fatigue.
5. Weight loss: Excessive loss of water or polyuria, metabolism of body fats and proteins, and glucosuria often lead to sudden and exceptional weight loss in a diabetic person.
6: Blurred vision: In a diabetic person, body fluid is often extracted from tissues which may also include eye lenses. I this way the lenses are rendered incapable of focusing, resulting in blurred vision.
7. Irritability: Diabetes is characterized by inadequate glucose supply to the brain and other organs, making the person feel tired and short-tempered.
8. Poor wound healing: High glucose in the blood reduces the production of white blood cells that are responsible for the proper functioning of the body’s immune system. This leads to slow-paced healing of wounds.
9. Infections: A diabetic person easily fall prey to urinary tract infection, bacterial or fungal infections of the skin. This occurs mainly due to a weakened immune system or suppression of immunity power.
The goal of treating type 2 diabetes is to keep your blood sugar levels as normal as possible with lifestyle changes, or a combination of lifestyle changes and medications and if you are prescribed insulin, use this as prescribed by your doctor. If, have type 1 or type 2 diabetes, your doctor will also tell you how to monitor your blood sugar levels. Diabetics have a higher risk of kidney disease, therefore you should have your eyes checked every year to get treatment for any changes in your eyes.
Look out for complications
The sooner you are diagnosed with diabetes, you will be able to manage it more effectively. If type 1 diabetes is not well controlled, it can lead lead to complications such as cataracts, damage to blood vessels in the legs and feet, foot ulcers twhich can lead to amputation, blindness, and an increased risk of heart attack and stroke.
Type 2 diabetes should be diagnosed early because if it is uncontrolled for years, this could distroy your pancreas so it cannot produce sufficient amount of insulin and if this happens , you might require medications for the rest of your life.
How can you prevent diabetes
Studies have shown that people with type 2 diabetes also have increased risk of cancer. It also stated that type 2 diabetes may be reversed in some people if they lose weight and exercise, and make other lifestyle changes. TYpe 2 diabetes is most reversible in its early stage and when little damage is done but you will have to know the warning signs in order for this to be done. This is very important for women as they have a higher risk than men for developing heart disease due to diabetes.
The main symptoms of type 1 diabetes are, unexplained weight loss and hunger, dry itchy skin, and a tingling or lack of feeling in your feet. Other factors that put you at risk for type 2 diabetes are having a family history, having a lot of weight around your midsection, a sedentary lifestyle and a poor diet.
Why your body stop responding to insulin the way it should. With some people it’s genetics and for most people it’s too much weight and eating too many refined carbohydrates which are found in processed food, these are turned into glucose in your body.
If you have a family history of diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure or obesity, It is very important to see your doctor and get checked for diabetes. Try to maintain a healthy weight, exercise regularly, and eat a well balanced diet to keep your blood sugar at steady levels. It is good to know the causes of diabetes mellitus which will help you keep problems under control.
Delores Powell: My passion is all about Health and Wellness, success and to help others succeed as well.