Lyme disease is a tick-borne infection caused by a form of bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi. The disease is transmitted by the bite of a tick known as the deer tick. It is most common in the northeast coastal states (from Maine to Maryland), in the upper Midwest (including Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota), and on the Pacific Coast (in California and Oregan). Lime disease is most often contracted in the spring and early summer months. Early symptoms include a rash at the site of the tick bite, usually expanding to a raised, red circle with a clear center (the bull’s eye). Once diagnosed, Lyme disease can be treated for a few weeks with antibiotics (Doxycycline). Can you get Lyme disease? Yes, it is possible to get the infection. Stay safe by being vigilant.
Common symptoms of Lyme disease
Other symptoms of the disease include flu-like symptoms, such as a headache, fatigue, fever, chills, muscle aches, stiff neck, and tingling and numbness in the hands and feet. After early symptoms disappear, other complications of swollen and painful joints of the knee and painful muscles begin. Lyme disease can also cause other problems like paralysis of the face, insomnia, hearing loss, heart complications, irregular, rapid, or slowed heartbeat, chest pain, fainting, dizziness, and shortness of breath.
How is diagnosed?
Your doctor will assess you about your symptoms and to find out if you were bitten by a tick and have the rash. Your diagnosis of Lyme disease is based on your symptoms, your examination, and the result of your blood test. Lab tests do not turn positive until three to four weeks after the infection. It is treated with antibiotics, usually Doxycycline, which is given orally for at least 2 weeks. Pregnant women and people with severe cases of the disease may require intravenous antibiotics. According to reports, antibiotic therapy is very effective at curing the disease and improvement can be seen within two to six weeks after beginning the treatment.
Is Lyme disease dangerous
Lyme disease is rarely fatal, but heart complications may cause arrhythmia (irregular heart rhythms) and infection during pregnancy. Symptoms may impair your quality of life for months or even years.
How to avoid the disease
Avoid tick exposure in wooded areas, in high bush, and grasses where ticks can hide. Walk along cleared or paved surfaces rather than walking on grass or in the woods. Tick bites can be avoided by wearing light-colored long-sleeved shirts and long pants tucked into the socks, closed shoes, and by using a tick repellent. After you have been in a wooded area where ticks may be present such as a grassy or woodland area, check your body carefully for ticks and if any are attached they should be removed immediately to reduce your chance of getting an infection. Use insect repellents containing DEET and follow the instructions. Use flea and tick collars on your pets and groom them carefully after they have been outdoors.
Can anyone get Lyme disease?
If you live in an area where ticks are common, cut the weeds and grass around the house. Try to keep birds or animals that may harbor the ticks, away from your house.
When should you see your doctor
If you live in an area where there is Lyme disease and you are experiencing symptoms, you should see your doctor as early as possible. If you are pregnant and think you have been bitten by a tick, you should see your doctor even if you are not having symptoms. You should also see your doctor if you have facial paralysis, arthritis, dizziness or heart palpitations. Your doctor will order blood tests to detect the bacterium that causes the disease.
How long will Lime disease last
The course of illness varies from person to person, After a week or two of flu-like illness, symptoms usually disappear. If the disease is not treated in the early stage, complications involving the heart, joints, and nervous system may develop weeks or months later. People with Lyme disease rash rarely have problems after they are treated with antibiotics but in some cases, people become very tired after being treated for the disease. The reason for this is unknown.
Lyme disease is present worldwide. It is a painful condition but if treated early with antibiotics, long-term complications can be prevented. Call your doctor if you have been bitten by a tick or have flu-illness. If Lyme disease is not treated in the early stage, serious complications may develop. If you are taking oral antibiotics for Lyme disease and your symptoms do not improve within two to three weeks, make an appointment to see your doctor. Can you get Lyme disease? yes, you can. Keep yourself, your family and pets safe by taking precautions to prevent the disease.
Delores Powell: My passion is all about Health and Wellness, Wealth, and to help others succeed as well.